The Battle of Hittin took place on Saturday July 4, 1187, between the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem and the forces of the Ayyubid dynasty under Sultan Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi. It was a decisive setback in the fortune of the crusaders, enabling the Muslims to regain control of Jerusalem from those who had occupied the Holy City since 1099 and had subsequently exerted their control over much of the Bilad al-Sham.
The fear was paramount; the knowledge of the massacre of the Muslim inhabitants of Jerusalem a century earlier still lived on in the collective memory of the descendants of the First Crusaders. They expected retribution in kind from Salah al-Din and his army. What they received instead was peace and security. The Hittin Institute therefore seeks to promote and represent such tolerance and equity through education and positive interaction.